Within the service delivery system, the following acronyms & abbreviations may be used to describe services.
For a description of each acronym or abbreviation, please click on it below.
The time when students become too old to receive educational services under IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) regulations
Alternative Living Unit
Augmentative Communication Technology Team
Behavior Intervention Plan
Service that helps people identify their strengths and needs in order to coordinate and locate community specialized services. This may include helping people make plans regarding financial decisions, personal relationships, etc. Also known as resource coordination.
Community Agency School Services
County Individualized Education Program
CNL (Critical Needs List)
The name given to the list of people who are eligible for and are requesting services from Developmental Disabilities Administration. There is a waiting list for each county in Maryland.
Code of Maryland Annotated Regulations
Continuing Adult Education
Non-credit class or classes designed to enhance personal growth and development.
CP (Crisis Prevention)
The second priority category for services funded by DDA. People in this category have been determined to have an urgent need for services, but do not qualify for Crisis Resolution. The person qualifies for this category by meeting one or more criteria as stated in the regulations.
CR (Crisis Resolution)
The top priority category for services funded by DDA. To qualify for this category the person has to be in crisis by meeting one or more criteria as stated in the regulations.
CSLA (Community Supported Living Arrangements)
Residential supports that enhance a person’s opportunity for community participation and enables them to exercise choice and control over their lifestyles.
The third or lowest priority category for services funded by DDA. To qualify for this category, the applicant shall indicate at least a current need for services.
Services which provide structured daily activities for individuals with developmental disabilities. There are several options under these services; Supported Employment, workshops, activity center and volunteer work.
DDA (Developmental Disabilities Administration)
A primary funding agency for persons with developmental disabilities. Students remaining in school until the age of 21 are referred to DDA the year prior to exiting the school system. Once the referral has been made, a DDA representative will contact the family for a home visit to discuss services which may be accessed after exiting the school system.
Any services which are purchased with the use of state (and, in some instances, federal) money through the Developmental Disabilities Administration.
One of two eligibility categories in which a person needs to meet the following criteria: Have a physical or mental condition other than a sole diagnosis of mental illness The disability is considered severe and chronic in nature The disability was manifested before the age of 22 The disability results in the person being unable to live independently The person needs assistance to plan and coordinate services.
Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
DORS (Division of Rehabilitation Services)
A state funded agency that provides leadership and support to enable individuals with disabilities to live independently. DORS may provide vocational training, vocational assessment and possible job linkages. Students receiving special education services are referred to DORS the year prior to exit or graduation. Once the referral has been made, a DORS counselor will contact the student and his or her parent to discuss options and formulate a plan. DORS is the point of entry and initial funding source to access STEP services.
Department of Social Services
E & A (Eligibility & Access)
The process by which a person with a disability applies to the Developmental Disability Administration for services. Eligibility is based on definitions in Maryland State Law, Health-General, Title 7 and Developmental Disability Law. These services are not an entitlement service. Individual must apply and be determined eligible for DDA services.
A group of individuals working at the same community-based site with direct supervision.
Family Support Services
Assistance provided to individuals and their families to enable greater participation in the community and enhanced quality of life. Supports may include: case management, skills training, purchase of adaptive equipment, respite, etc.
An agency through which money from the DDA can be sent to make payment for services on your behalf.
Money made available to agencies to provide services to individuals. Futures Planning (Used interchangeably with Person-Centered Plan or Essential Lifestyle Plan): Is the process of sharing and gathering information on the dreams, desires, wants and needs of people in order to develop an Individual Plan specifically tailored to their lives. A comprehensive plan may include personal, financial and legal components. Generic Resources: Services that are available to everyone in the community, not specific to people with developmental disabilities.
IBMP (Intensive Behavioral Management Program)
The specialized program which helps people who have behavioral issues, their families, the school system and other agencies. IBMP does an extensive evaluation of the person in all their regular environments and makes recommendations. Sometimes they can also provide specialized training, extra staff and respite services, based on the evaluation.
Individual Education Plan (school plan)
The total cost of service per year for an individual to buy the supports needed or desired.
Individual Support Services
Assistance provided to individuals over 21 and their families to enable greater participation in the community and enhance quality of life. Supports families to enable greater participation in the community and enhance quality of life. Supports may include: case management, skills training, purchase of adaptive equipment, respite, etc.
Individual Plan (adult providers through DDA)
Individual Plan for Employment (division of rehabilitation services)
Having the information and understanding about a situation prior to making a decision.
Individual Service Plan (individual support service provider)
The second category of eligibility for DDA-funded services, the person needs to meet the following criteria: Have a physical or mental condition other than a sole diagnosis of mental illness The disability is considered severe and chronic in nature.
A person who provides job training for a worker in a competitive location.
Medical Day Care
Provides monitoring and therapies in a structured setting for people who have a medical need. Therapies are provided based on the need of the person being served. In some cases, attending medical day care on a temporary basis can help someone regain skills after a serious medical incident. These programs are not restricted to DDA funded agencies. There are generic programs, usually run by the aging service community, which may be accessed by people with disabilities.
People, places, activities in our community and home that we depend on that are not paid services.
Services that are not funded by the Developmental Disabilities Administration. Section 8 housing and public education services are two examples of non-DDA services.
Nurse Oriented Resource Coordination. A unique feature of the resource coordination program offered by Optimal Health Care Inc that emphasizes on the use of nurses as Resource Coordination Supervisors in its Resource Coordination Program for DDA Participants.
A small and limited amount of funding through the DDA to help an individual purchase a one-time service or product.
Other Funding Sources
Funding may also be available from other sources such as: Department of Mental Health and Hygiene, Medical Assistance, Medicare or individual’s private insurance.
Refers to any agency that is licensed by DDA and that offers direct services to people with developmental disabilities.
Purchase of Service
Monies used to purchase supports (services or products) to assist an individual or family.
A way to look at the quality of the services being delivered to a person with developmental disabilities who receives funding from DDA.
Services which offer supervision and assistance to individuals in their home. “Home” may also include a group home, alternative living unit (ALU) and Community Supported Living Arrangement (CSLA).
Professionals who assist people with developmental disabilities to plan for and locate services to meet people’s preferences and needs. Also known as case management.
Short-term care provided to a person for the purpose of providing relief for the parent or primary caregivers. Respite care can mean many things to a parent/caregiver: time to relax, time to spend alone, time to spend with other family members, or assistance when emergency care is needed.
Robert Wood Johnson
A foundation that provided a three-year grant to promote the Self-Determination Project which started in 1997.
Those individuals who have chosen to assert their right to choose what is best for them.
Practicing self-determination means that the individual makes the decisions about his or her life, supports, and how his or her budgeted funds are spent.
Social Security Administration – Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
To be eligible for SSI based on a medical condition a person must: Have little or no income or resources Be considered medically disabled Initially not be working or working but earning less than the SGA level (Substantial Gainful Activity = average countable earnings over $800 per month). Students may apply for SSI on their 18th birthday. They are considered a family of “one” and their income alone is taken into consideration.
A term given for the different ways to meet people needs. Supports are typically people, places, resources and activities in our community.
Persons hired by individuals, families, or agencies to provide requested services.
Provides assistance for people who are working jobs in the community. The help can be in the form of job coaching, educating co-workers or negotiating with employers to help the person be as independent as his or her abilities allow.
A funding source through the DDA to assist eligible individuals in the transition from school to work after the age of 21.
Workforce Technology Center (in Baltimore)